Having a child after a few years of marriage is one thing that most couples desire. Unfortunately, getting pregnant is not always easy. Some couples may not have the same luck as others who get pregnant in the first year or the second year of their marriage. This condition can be very frustrating, but there is always hope.
There are a lot of factors that can affect your fertility, including medical conditions, stress, anxiety, and bad habits. Although modern science has developed various treatments for infertility problems, there are also simple ways that may help you improve your fertility. Basically you can increase your chance to get pregnant by controlling and managing certain aspects of your life, such as: diet, timing of sex, and your exercise levels.
- Control your weight. Being underweight or overweight can affect your chance to conceive. Extra fat tissue can trigger an overproduction of certain hormones that disrupt ovulation. It will disrupt a woman’s regular monthly cycle, making it difficult for her to ovulate, and making it difficult to know exactly when she is ovulating. Some studies also suggest that being overweight can lead to a low sperm count and/or low sperm viability in men. If the body fat is too little, your body may not produce enough hormones to ovulate each month or to sustain a pregnancy if you do conceive.
- A regular exercise program will not only help you to lose weight but will also help to prepare your body for the strains involved in pregnancy and childbirth. Not getting enough exercise can lead to an overweight and decrease the sperm count. However, doing exercise intensely may be harmful for women since it may affects the ovulation (stop ovulating or ovulate less frequently) and raises miscarriage risk. So, it is better to discuss your exercise program with your doctor.
- Consume healthy foods that can boost your fertility, such as: salmon, sardines, walnuts, meat, green vegetables, blueberries, kale, oranges, kiwi, strawberries, and many more. Drinking a lot of water also helps the reproductive organs function properly.
- Stop smoking. Smoking can damage a woman’s eggs, cause the ovaries to age (which make them less fertile), and increase the risk of miscarriage. In men, smoking can reduce sperm production and damage DNA.
- Watch your alcohol intake. A moderate consumption of alcohol is generally considered to be safe for women trying to conceive. But if a woman has a problem of getting pregnant, it is better to avoid alcohol consumption altogether. Alcohol alters estrogen levels, which may interfere with egg implantation. Alcohol can also increase the risk of birth defects. In men, excessive alcohol intake may result in lower sperm count levels and a higher number of abnormal sperm.
- Reduce your caffeine intake. Caffeine constricts blood vessels, which reduces blood flow to the uterus, making it difficult for a fertilized egg to implant in the uterine wall. In men, caffeine can cause damage to sperm DNA. However, experts suggest that moderate caffeine consumption (one or two cups of coffee a day or stay under 200 to 250 milligrams of caffeine a day) will not impact fertility. But if you have fertility problems, it is best to avoid caffeine altogether.
- Seek serenity. Stress and depression may affect your fertility. A Danish study found that women were less likely to conceive when they experienced psychological distress. Stress may throw off your body’s hormone production, making your menstrual cycle less reliable. Manage your stress through relaxation (such as meditation or yoga).
- To increase the chance to get pregnant, you need to find the right timing to have sex with your partner. Calculate the days when you will be most fertile. You can observe your menstrual cycle for a few months and then arriving at the days when you are most likely to conceive. A woman’s fertile days are usually the day of ovulation and the four of five days before, not after. But a study from the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences showed that ovulation may vary from woman to woman, occurring as early as day 6 and as late as day 21 of a cycle. If the menstrual cycle is longer than it should (a normal menstrual cycle lasts about 25 to 35 days), it can be a clue that you’re ovulating less often